Yadgir (Yadagiri Kannada: ಯಾದಗಿರಿ) is a town and the administrative headquarters of the newly created Yadagiri district in the Indian state of Karnataka. On 10 April, 2010, it was officially declared as 30th district of Karnataka State. It is also the administrative headquarters of Yadgir taluk, one of the three taluks of the district.
GeographyThe town is spread over an area of 5.6 sq. km. Bhima River flows through Yadgir town.
Yadagiri, historically known as Yetagiri, it is dotted with many historical monuments and has a majestic hill fort with three rounds of fortifications. There are three ancient temples, medieval mosques, tanks and wells on top of the hill. The barren landscape below offers a magnificent view. A tank, the Sanna Kere is located in the heart of the town.
In Yadgir several spiritual places are located like Mayllapur Mallayya, Gurmitakal Mata Manikeshawri Yadgir is one of the spiritual heritage.
HistoryThe town was under the Western Chalukyas in the ancient period. The name Yadgir (Yadgiri, historically known as Yetagiri) is derived from its early medieval rulers. Yadavs from the present-day Andhra Pradesh. A certain Mohammed Kasim was said to be a strong chieftain who ruled Yadgir for a long period after defeating the Yadavs, though there is no historical evidence to support it. Later, it came under the reign of the Bahamani Sultanate, the Bijapur Sultanate and finally, the Nizams of Hyderabad. A major economic development of the city took place under Philip Meadows Taylor, the administrator of the principality of Shorapur.
Yadgir is well connected by road and railways.
Yadgir has its own railway station. It is one of the largest railway station in the Hyderabad-Karnataka region. It has the broad gauge railway which lies between Mumbai and Chennai. It comes under South Central Railway under Guntakaldivision. It has its own railway branch. The city is connected to Gulbarga, 71 km away, by both road and rail. And from Raichur its distance is 69 Km .It is actually located in between two districts.Transportion no problem in yadgir dist. Yadgir is well connected to the cities such as Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Tirupati, Trivendram, Nagercoil, Pune, Coimbatore, Kanyakumari, Salem, Dharmavaram Jn, Lokmanya Tilak, Solapur, Bidar, Gulbarga, Raichur, Bellary, Hospet, Gadag, Hubli-Dharwar, Belgaum, Bagalkote, Bijapur.
State Highway 15 passes through the city connecting to Bijapur and Hyderabad. Important cities connected through buses from the city are Bangalore, Hubli, Dharvad, Belgaum, Vasco da Gama, Hyderbad, Bellary.